13-14 Months

Follow these milestones to see how your baby aligns with these stages of development.

Fine motor skills

  • Enjoys packing and unpacking; therefore, loves to explore unpacking drawers and cupboards
  • Builds two to three-block towers and finds great joy in knocking them over
  • Picking up and throwing things around is a big favourite at this age
  • Enjoys holding a spoon in a fisted or palmar grasp and banging on a tin with the spoon
  • Can pull objects against resistance using a tight pincer grip
  • Coordinated dropping of objects through a hole

Gross motor skills

  • Can bend down to pick up an object; might still need external support
  • May stand alone
  • May give first steps, although this can happen any time between 9-18 months
  • Will attempt walking on uneven surfaces
  • Practises cruising with a small chair or stable wagon
  • Practises moving from a sitting to a standing position by squatting
  • Tries to lift and carry larger objects
  • Tries to climb in and out of a box or large container
  • May roll a ball back and forth

Communication and language development

  • Uses 2-4 words deliberately – these might include “momma”, “dada”, “hallo” and “bye”
  • Combines words and gestures to indicate needs – may pull on your hand and point
  • May start to point at certain objects while naming them
  • May start to recognise intonation
  • Introduce songs and rhymes to stimulate language development – the child might not say it with you yet, but will listen with great intent
  • May copy one animal sound, for example, a dog barking: “woof-woof”

Social and emotional interaction

  • Becomes more aware of sounds and may therefore be startled by loud noises like a horn, siren or even the vacuum cleaner – soothe the tears, be patient and give reassurance – allow exploration with these sounds on child’s own terms
  • The parent is still the most important person in the child’s life and separation anxiety can occur
  • Becomes aware of own voice and wants to be heard

Cognitive development

  • Any cause-and-effect game will be well-liked at this age – these games are effective because something happens as a result of an action or reaction; a game where you press a button, and something opens or jumps out is good to start with
  • Loves to play peek-a-boo or hide-and-seek games
  • Enjoys throwing things and watching it tumbling down – this develops cognitive reasoning and is the start of understanding how gravity works; if you throw something up in the air, it will always come down
  • Is able to follow one simple instruction and perform it accurately
  • May notice objects that are far away like birds in flight and aeroplanes

Self-help and imitation skills

  • Enjoys staring at own reflection
  • Uses a sippy cup confidently and may start drinking from a cup
  • Takes first bite using a spoon, although it might still be messy and uncoordinated
  • Starts imitating observed household chores like dusting or sweeping or stirring with a spoon in a pot
  • Confidently takes off items of clothing such as mittens, hat, shoes, socks or a scarf

14-15 Months

Fine motor skills

  • Enjoys packing objects in and out of a container
  • Is able to pick up small objects using a pincer grip, even against gravity, for example, pulling pegs out of a peg board
  • May build a tower of 2-3 blocks

Gross motor skills

  • Pushes and pulls toys along while walking
  • May stoop down to pick up a toy without holding onto furniture
  • Is able to roll a ball forward while sitting
  • Enjoys falling games, for example, falling on a mattress or into a pile of cushions
  • Is able to pick up a ball and throw it forward, using both hands, while sitting
  • May do supported tumbles

Communication and language development

  • Speaks 3-5 words but understands many more
  • Enjoys singing repetitive songs to the words they know
  • May imitate moves accompanied by a favourite song
  • May be slow to respond (verbal or non-verbal) – be patient for a response when communicating, and maintain eye contact

Social and emotional interaction

  • Engages in parallel play; playing alongside other children but not engaging in play with them
  • Is self-centred and focused on own wants and needs
  • Battles to share toys with other children

Cognitive development

  • May start initiating games and inviting parents to play
  • May point to one body part when prompted
  • Matches lids with appropriate containers
  • May start to follow two-step instructions
  • Enjoys playing hiding games
  • Starts understanding the function of objects by means of imitation, for example, will hold a phone to the ear or copy scribbling in a book while parent is writing

Self-help and imitation skills

  • May feed herself with a spoon – is able to bring spoon to mouth but it is still a messy process
  • Enjoys imitating others in terms of facial expression, tone of voice and hand gestures
READ 14-15 MONTH BLOG POST

15-16 Months

Fine motor skills

  • May open lids of plastic containers and even attempt to put them back on again
  • Enjoys transporting small objects from one container to the next
  • Enjoys pulling small objects, like a straw, ribbon or pipe cleaner, from a hole
  • Has well-developed fine motor skills; can even pick up a grain of rice from the floor
  • May open and close zips using both hands

Gross motor skills

  • Most children are able to walk at this age
  • May walk and go around corners with more ease
  • Experiments with estimating the distance between the back of the legs and the chair when sitting down
  • May start to run, although it is still a clumsy action that might result into a fall on all fours
  • Loves to explore on climbing apparatus, attempting small steps while holding on
  • A swing might be a firm favourite
  • May be able to pick up an object without holding onto furniture and carry the object while walking around
  • Likes to reach and pull things off a shelf
  • May stand and kick a large ball
  • Can throw a ball forward using both hands
  • Enjoys dancing; lifting hands and stomping feet

Communication and language development

  • Is able say about 5 words, including “mommy” and “daddy”
  • Vocabulary is not very wide but child understands many words
  • Is able to follow simple instructions like, “Hand me your shoes”
  • Reading books is a firm favourite and exceptionally good for language development
  • Starts to point at objects in a book and observes while parents name them
  • May start to mimic animal sounds while pointing to the corresponding animal
  • Is able to communicate desires by gesturing or pointing to what she needs or wants

Social and emotional interaction

  • Assertive and focused on doing what she wants
  • Likes to be the centre of attention
  • Destructive and whirlwind phase
  • Tries to establish what the limits and boundaries are and will try to test it
  • May understand basic emotions when explained and voiced as the child experiences it

Cognitive development

  • Keen to experiment with objects
  • Starts to understand the function of objects
  • Can identify family members from a photograph
  • Can point out an object when parent asks where it is

Self-help and imitation skills

  • Loves to imitate parents’ behaviour like waving goodbye, blowing kisses or smiling on request
  • May insist on brushing teeth independently

These developmental milestones are based on my own experiences with Mia, but it can differ from child to child. I found that the developmental guidelines and articles given by BabyCenter is a very helpful tool to assist in answering questions and concerns regarding your child’s development. I have added some of their guidelines here.