10-11 Months

Follow these milestones to see how your baby aligns with these stages of development.

Fine motor skills

  • Can pick up a small object using a pincer grip without wrist support
  • Grasps spoon in fist
  • Enjoys unpacking drawers
  • Enjoys digging out an object in water or while taking a bath

Gross motor skills

  • Crawls well on hands and knees with trunk parallel to the floor
  • Is able to sit confidently
  • Walks while holding onto furniture and letting go momentarily to stand unsupported
  • Can bend down from a standing position to scoop up a toy
  • May start walking independently
  • Likes to throw objects

Communication and language development

  • Babbles in a way that resembles actual speech
  • Will point at objects while naming them
  • May say “ma-ma” and “da-da” discriminately
  • Teach her the names of things she points at and explain their function
  • Understands the word, “NO”
  • Use pictures to show the difference between concepts like empty and full or in and out

Social and emotional interaction

  • May seem defiant/disobedient but the desire to explore outweighs the desire to obey – at this age, there is a natural curiosity to see how the world works
  • May start engaging in parallel play; playing alongside other children but not playing with them
  • Waves goodbye

Cognitive development

  • Enjoys playing peek-a-boo
  • May observe small objects that are far away like birds in flight or an aeroplane
  • Enjoys playing outside and learning about her environment
  • Enjoys choosing between objects, for example, choosing what outfit to wear
  • Responds to own name when called

Self-help and imitation skills

  • Is able to grip and hold a cup independently
  • Feed herself an entire meal by using her hands
  • Tips bottle to drink
  • May hold out arms and legs to assist in getting dressed

11-12 Months

Fine motor skills

  • Has a good thumb and forefinger grasp
  • Likes to place objects in containers and dump them out
  • Loves to unpack drawers and cupboards
  • Enjoys stacking boxes or large sponge blocks

Gross motor skills

  • Walks independently or by holding onto furniture
  • Enjoys pushing, throwing and knocking objects over
  • Climbs up stairs

Communication and language development

  • Starts using recognisable words/sounds
  • Listens and responds to sounds in the environment
  • Enjoys engaging when reading a book; pointing to and naming familiar pictures and actions
  • Emphasises the concepts and appropriate application of words/phrases like “please” and “thank you”
  • May start shaking head for “NO” and nodding for “YES”
  • According to BabyCenter, this might be a good time to take away the child’s dummy, as it will help in proper speech development

Social and emotional interaction

  • Experiences separation anxiety
  • May indicate wants and needs in other ways than just crying
  • Says “ta-ta” and waves goodbye
  • Responds to name and comes when called
  • May start to develop a sense of humour

Cognitive development

  • May start understanding concepts like hot and cold, up and down, in and out, wet and dry, stand and sit
  • Is able to follow simple, single-step instructions such as, “Pick up the bowl”
  • May become conscious of different colours
  • Enjoys choosing between two options

Self-help and imitation skills

  • May start to experiment with drinking from a cup
  • Enjoys assisting in cleaning up and starts to understand the concept of putting toys away
  • Enjoys dancing to music

12-13 Months

Fine motor skills

  • Can use forefinger and thumb (pincer grip) to pick up small objects and hold it carefully
  • Can drop a small object, like a button, into a hole in a tin
  • Likes to delicately pick up bite-sized pieces of food or objects
  • Loves to place objects in a container and dump the contents out again
  • May grab hold of your pen while you are writing and try to scribble
  • Likes handing a toy back and forth
  • Likes to pick up objects in both hands and bang them together
  • May move objects from one hand to the other

Gross motor skills

  • Can pull up against furniture and hold on for support while taking a few steps
  • May stand unsupported and give a few steps
  • Can squat and stand up again
  • Gait has a wide base of support with feet turned outwards and toes curling in while walking
  • Enjoys activities where objects can be pushed, thrown or knocked over
  • May attempt going down steps
  • May stand on toes to stretch and reach for an object
  • Bends down to reach for an object, then stands up again while holding onto furniture
  • May enjoy dancing to music; bends knees, waves arms, bobs head
  • Stands independently, momentarily

Communication and language development

  • Loves to interact using 1-3 understandable words while speaking in short sentences in baby language
  • Is keen to indicate wants and needs by using gestures
  • Loves looking at pictures in books while parent points out and names the objects
  • Speech is developing rapidly, along with learning through observation
  • Might not be using language like “please” and “thank you” yet; persistence in modelling these will eventually be rewarded, and the habit will become ingrained

Social and emotional interaction

  • Feels safe and secure close to parents – experiences separation anxiety, even with familiar family members – be patient
  • Normally likes to play where the parent can be seen – wandering off to play in another room should be allowed, as it establishes independence
  • Keep a watchful eye but allow independent play and exploration

Cognitive development

  • Can understand and respond to one-step instructions such as, “Give me the ball” or “Stick out your tongue”
  • Attention span can vary from 1-3 minutes
  • Can indicate “no” by shaking head
  • Allow exploring with decision making by giving options to answer “yes” or “no”
  • Realises that if an object is out of sight it doesn’t mean that it doesn’t exist anymore
  • Might classify and name objects according to shape and not function – for example, pointing to an apple or onion and saying, “ball”

Self-help and imitation skills

  • Can feed herself bite-sized pieces of food
  • Can hold a cup with both hands and lift the cup to drink; however, spilling still occurs
  • Helps with getting dressed by placing hand and arm through shirt sleeve
  • Can take off own mittens and socks
  • May lift up leg when getting dressed/putting on trousers
  • Opens mouth to have teeth brushed
  • May imitate affectionate behaviour; giving hugs and kisses to family members and a favourite toy or teddy
READ 12-13 MONTH BLOG POST

These developmental milestones are based on my own experiences with Mia, but it can differ from child to child. I found that the developmental guidelines and articles given by BabyCenter is a very helpful tool to assist in answering questions and concerns regarding your child’s development. I have added some of their guidelines here.